Irish novelist, poet, short story writer, critic and teacher James Joyce (1882-1941) is one of the most important and influential writers of the twentieth century. His literary Modernist works used writing techniques that were experimental for the time. Perhaps his most famous work, Ulysses (1922) is best known for its use of interior monologue, revealing the innermost thoughts and feelings of characters in a stream of consciousness style. Joyce's portrayal of human nature, alongside vivid depictions of life in Dublin, have cemented him as a major literary influence to writers throughout and beyond the twentieth century. Judith John (Glossary) is a writer and editor specializing in literature and history. A former secondary school English Language and Literature teacher, she has subsequently worked as an editor on major educational projects, including English A: Literature for the Pearson International Baccalaureate series. Judith's major research interests include Romantic and Gothic literature, and Renaissance drama.