Examines the legal dimension of the EU's external relations law, assessing its robustness in a more challenging global environment.
1. The Constitutionalised Regime of the Common Foreign and Security Policy 1.1. Introduction 1.2. Approach 1.3. Conclusion
2. The History of the Common Foreign and Security Policy 2.1. Introduction 2.2. Formative Days, Pillarisation, and Modern Times 2.3. The Divide between CFSP Matters and Non-CFSP Matters 2.4. Conclusion
3. The EU Legal Order and the Common Foreign and Security Policy 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Non-parliamentary and Judicial Actors 3.3. Choice of Legal Basis and the Centre of Gravity 3.4. Contestation 3.5. Conclusion
4. The European Parliament and the Common Foreign and Security Policy 4.1. Introduction 4.2. A Tale of History 4.3. Soft Legal Powers in CFSP Matters 4.4. Stronger Legal Powers in CFSP Matters 4.5. Taking CFSP Matters to the Court 4.6. The Parliament in Context 4.7. The Future of the Parliament in CFSP Matters 4.8. Conclusion
5. The Court of Justice and the Common Foreign and Security Policy 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Situating CFSP Matters 5.3. A Constrained Court? 5.4. Questioning Jurisdiction 5.5. Lingering Questions 5.6. Political Questions 5.7. A Changing Border 5.8. Conclusion
6. Other Issues and the Common Foreign and Security Policy 6.1. Introduction 6.2. Governance, Values, and the Rule of Law 6.3. Democracy and Participatory Parliaments 6.4. Legitimacy 6.5. Accountability 6.6. Conclusion
7. The Future of the Common Foreign and Security Policy 7.1. Introduction 7.2. Reform of EU Foreign Policy Law 7.3. Abandoning the CFSP Legal Basis 7.4. The Steps Forward 7.5. Conclusion
Graham Butler is Associate Professor of Law at Aarhus University, Denmark.