Early Warning-Based Multihazard and Disaster Management Systems [Hardback]

  • Formāts: Hardback, 136 pages, height x width: 235x156 mm, weight: 404 g, 8 Tables, black and white; 128 Illustrations, black and white
  • Izdošanas datums: 09-Aug-2019
  • Izdevniecība: CRC Press
  • ISBN-10: 1138391883
  • ISBN-13: 9781138391888
  • Hardback
  • Cena: 131,09 €
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  • Formāts: Hardback, 136 pages, height x width: 235x156 mm, weight: 404 g, 8 Tables, black and white; 128 Illustrations, black and white
  • Izdošanas datums: 09-Aug-2019
  • Izdevniecība: CRC Press
  • ISBN-10: 1138391883
  • ISBN-13: 9781138391888
This book describes in detail disaster management principles with applications through software and early warning systems. The aim is to introduce the concept of advanced technology for disaster management. Hence, it starts with a basic introduction and the types of disasters this technology will address. It then examines these functions by taking into account various factors vulnerable to disaster losses. Finally, the results are discussed with the aid of software: OPNET and SAHANA Disaster Management Tool. The application of sensor systems to manage a disaster is also extensively discussed. Features Introduces the concept of disaster management from the perspective of application of advanced technologies for disaster management Provides an overview of applied electronics for disaster applications Examines the role of efficient and robust Information and Communication Technology (ICT) systems for reduction of response time and for augmenting meaningful usage of resources during the disaster management phases of relief, response, recovery and rehabilitation
Preface xi
Acknowledgments xv
Author xvii
Chapter 1 Introduction
1(6)
Introduction
1(1)
1.1 Background
2(1)
1.2 Disaster Management
2(1)
1.3 Economic Burden of Disasters
2(1)
1.4 Modern Information Technology Usage to Manage Disasters
3(1)
1.5 Early Warning Systems
3(1)
Summary
4(1)
References
4(3)
Chapter 2 Disaster Management and Early Warning Systems
7(12)
Introduction
7(1)
2.1 Disaster Management and Disaster Resilience
7(1)
2.2 Review of Early Warning Systems
8(1)
2.3 Early Warning Systems---The International Scenario
9(1)
2.4 World Early Warning Systems
10(4)
2.5 Disaster Response and IT Usage
14(1)
2.6 The Interoperability Issue
15(1)
2.7 Challenges to Interoperability
15(1)
2.8 Interagency Communication Problems
16(1)
Summary
16(1)
References
17(2)
Chapter 3 Disaster Engineering Computer Tools
19(12)
Introduction
19(1)
3.1 Salient Features of the Hazus-MH Loss Estimation Tool
19(1)
3.2 Screenshots of the Hazus-MH Software
19(3)
3.3 Implementing the Sahana Disaster Management Tool
22(8)
3.3.1 Application of Sahana for Disaster in Pakistan
22(8)
Summary
30(1)
Reference
30(1)
Chapter 4 Early Warning System: A Use Case Scenario
31(10)
Introduction
31(1)
4.1 Demography of Pakistan
31(1)
4.2 Major Disasters and Their Impact in Pakistan
32(1)
4.3 Organizations Working for Disaster Management in Pakistan
32(2)
4.4 Civionics Early Warning Methodology
34(6)
4.4.1 The Multihazard Approach
34(4)
4.4.2 The Civionics Earthquake Early Warning System
38(2)
Summary
40(1)
References
40(1)
Chapter 5 Early Warning System Architecture
41(22)
Introduction
41(1)
5.1 CIVEEWS Data Collection and Identification of Seismic Hazard Zones
41(3)
5.2 CIVEEWS Network Architecture
44(4)
5.3 Concept of Seismic Waves
48(3)
5.4 Selection of a Data Logger
51(1)
5.5 Simulation Setup, Results and Discussion
52(4)
5.6 Wireless Technology Comparison for Civionics Development
56(3)
5.6.1 Telecommunication Infrastructure
56(3)
5.7 Dissemination of Warning Messages
59(1)
Summary
60(1)
References
60(3)
Chapter 6 Modelling and Simulation of a Civionics Multihazard Early Warning System
63(16)
Introduction
63(1)
6.1 Modeling and Simulation of a Civionics Multihazard Early Warning System
63(4)
6.1.1 Simulation Graphs
67(1)
6.2 Designing the Civionics Earthquake Early Warning System---Zigbee Model
67(7)
6.3 Simulation Graphs
74(4)
6.3.1 Results and Discussion
75(3)
Summary
78(1)
References
78(1)
Chapter 7 Multihazard Disaster Engineering during the Response Phase
79(48)
Introduction
79(1)
7.1 Information and Communication Technologies and Networks for Disaster Management
79(1)
7.2 First Responder Requirements
80(1)
7.3 4G Access Techniques for Disaster Management
81(1)
7.4 Communication Needs for Law Enforcement Agencies
82(6)
7.4.1 Fires
82(2)
7.4.2 Blasts
84(2)
7.4.3 Earthquakes
86(2)
7.5 Requirements for an Interoperable Communication Network
88(2)
7.5.1 Availability A0
88(2)
7.5.1.1 QoS versus qos
90(1)
7.5.1.2 Security
90(1)
7.6 Pakistan's Disaster Communications Interoperability Plan: A Proposal
90(3)
7.7 Simulation of Scenarios
93(31)
7.7.1 Scenario I: Fixed Network Interconnected with a Mobile Ad Hoc Network
93(9)
7.7.2 Scenario II: Interoperable Networks
102(5)
7.7.3 Results of the Interoperability Scenario
107(10)
7.7.4 Scenario HI: Interoperability Scenario Linked with an Early Warning System
117(1)
7.7.4.1 Interoperability Scenario Linked with the Early Warning Network: The Combined 1 Model
117(5)
7.7.4.2 Interoperability Scenario Linked with the Early Warning Network---Zigbee Model: The Combined2 Model
122(2)
Summary
124(1)
References
125(2)
Chapter 8 Conclusion and Future Directions
127(4)
Introduction
127(1)
8.1 Recommendations for the Future
128(2)
References
130(1)
Index 131
Sayed Hyder Abbas Musavi, Dr Engr, is Dean of Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology at Indus University in Karachi. He has 27 years of teaching and research experience. Previously, he was engaged as Chairman of the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering at Hamdard University in Karachi. In past he has served as Professor and Principal at Petroman - an Institute of Ministry of Information Technology and Telecommunications, Government of Pakistan at its various campuses for more than 10 years and had also remained Executive District Officer IT.