IN THE BEGINNING Science Kindles The Beginning Early Greek Astronomy The Age of Measurement The Geocentric Model Wonder of Ancient Greece End-of-Chapter Material A Dark Interlude Roman Civilization: ca BC-ca AD Entertainment in the Roman Empire Religion in the Roman Empire Education in the Roman Empire The Aftermath A Lesson From the Past End-of-Chapter Material Science Rekindles Renaissance and the Copernican Revolution New Observations: 15 Centuries After Ptolemy The Fall of the Spherical Dynasty End-of-Chapter Material From Heaven to Earth The Ancient Physics Galileo's Study of Motion Rectilinear Motion End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: Underdetermination? Lessons From Astronomy Birth of Scientific Methodology Underdetermination? The Role of Mathematics NEWTONIAN ERA Kinematics: Describing Motion Position, Displacement, and Distance Parallax Velocity and Speed Acceleration End-of-Chapter Material Dynamics: Cause of Motion The First Law of Motion The Second Law of Motion The Third Law of Motion End-of-Chapter Material Further Topics on Motion Work and Energy Rigid Body Motion Mechanics of Fluids End-of-Chapter Material Gravitation The Universal Law of Gravitation Weightlessness End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: Determinism Newton's Methodology Determinism of Newtonian Physics WAVES AND ELECTROMAGNETISM Waves Oscillation Mechanical Waves Interference and Diffraction Doppler Effect End-of-Chapter Material Electricity Modern Electrostatics Electric Field Electric Potential Electric Charges in Motion Electric Power Transmission End-of-Chapter Material Magnetism and Electricity The Compass and the Lodestone Magnetism from Electricity Faraday's Lines of Force Electricity From Magnetism End-of-Chapter Material Electromagnetic Waves Fields Are Primary Maxwell Corrects the Fourth Equation Maxwell Predicts Electromagnetic Waves End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: Mind & Matter Continuity Specificity and Idealization Role of the Mind Materiality of Fields Support for Pure Research THERMODYNAMICS Introduction to Probability Basic Concepts Distribution Plots The Law of Large Numbers End-of-Chapter Material Statistical Mechanics Ideal Gas Law Most Probable Configuration Entropy End-of-Chapter Material Temperature and Heat Temperature The First Law of Thermodynamics The Second Law of Thermodynamics End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: Whole & Parts Specificity and Idealization Continuity A Case for Fundamentalism Thermodynamics and Social Imagery TWENTIETH CENTURY PHYSICS: QUANTUM THEORY Birth of Quantum Theory Black Body Radiation Quanta Are Born Photoelectric Effect End-of-Chapter Material The Atoms Modern Atomic Theory Dissecting Atoms Bohr Model of the H-Atom End-of-Chapter Material Quantum Theory I Electrons as Waves Quantum Mechanics End-of-Chapter Material Quantum Theory II Quantum Tunneling The Double-Slit Experiment Angular Momentum and Spin Quantum Measurement Quantum Entanglement Quantum Technology End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: No Interpretation Continuity Role of Fundamentalism Specificity Induction Versus Deduction No Interpretation for Quantum Theory TWENTIETH CENTURY PHYSICS:RELATIVITY THEORY Birth of Relativity Law of Addition of Velocities Principles of STR Relativity of Simultaneity Relativity of Length End-of-Chapter Material Relativity of Time and Space Time Dilation Length Contraction The Twin Paradox Relativisticity End-of-Chapter Material Spacetime Geometry Space+Time=Spacetime Events and Worldlines Space Transformation Spacetime Distance Rules of Spacetime Geometry Curved Worldlines End-of-Chapter Material E = mc2 Coordinate Velocity Spacetime Velocity Spacetime Momentum Conservation of Momentum End-of-Chapter Material General Theory of Relativity The Equivalence Principle Consequences of Equivalence Principle Einstein's General Theory of Relativity GTR and the Universe End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: No Marketplace Continuity Specificity Use/Creation of Mathematics Induction Versus Deduction TWENTIETH CENTURY PHYSICS: MICROCOSMOLOGY On the Experimental Front The Nucleon Nuclear Reactions The Emergence of Particle Physics End-of-Chapter Material On the Theoretical Front Mathematical Prediction of Antimatter Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) End-of-Chapter Material Classifying Particles and Forces Spacetime Symmetry: Mathematical Poetry I Hadrons Leptons End-of-Chapter Material The Standard Model Gauge Theory: Mathematical Poetry III Electroweak Interaction Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) The Standard Model Grand Unification End-of-Chapter Material New Age Physics Sins of the Fathers Union of Philosophy, Science, and Religion Physics-Eastern Thought Parallelism End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: The Eye of Physics Modern Experimental Techniques Modern Mathematical Techniques An Endangered Species? Continuity and Specificity of Physics TWENTIETH CENTURY PHYSICS: MACROCOSMOLOGY Physics of the Cosmos The Friedmann Equation Matter Dominance Radiation Dominance Expansion and Olbers' Paradox Echo of the Big Bang End-of-Chapter Material Early Universe Content of the Early Universe The Genesis as Told by Physics End-of-Chapter Material The Last Epoch Cosmic Structure Formation Problems With Standard Cosmology Inflationary Cosmology Birth of a Star Death of a Star End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: The Closing Dialogue NATURE OF SCIENCE Misconceptions About Science Mathematics Technology: Application of Science Science and Values Characteristics of Science Science Studies Matter Materialistic Philosophy Science Trusts Only Observation Continuity of Science Science Is Detached From the Scientist Reductionism and Science Commonality of Instrumentation Reproducibility? Science Versus Pseudoscience Some Characteristics of Pseudoscience Intelligent Design Psychoanalysis A Project for the Reader Glossary Answers to Selected Exercises Bibliography Index
Sadri Dean Hassani is a mathematical physicist with interests in theoretical elementary particle physics.