From Atoms to Galaxies: A Conceptual Physics Approach to Scientific Awareness [Mīkstie vāki]

  • Formāts: Paperback / softback, 753 pages, height x width: 279x216 mm, weight: 1400 g, 9 Tables, black and white; 342 Illustrations, black and white
  • Izdošanas datums: 30-Jun-2020
  • Izdevniecība: CRC Press
  • ISBN-10: 0367384116
  • ISBN-13: 9780367384111
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  • Formāts: Paperback / softback, 753 pages, height x width: 279x216 mm, weight: 1400 g, 9 Tables, black and white; 342 Illustrations, black and white
  • Izdošanas datums: 30-Jun-2020
  • Izdevniecība: CRC Press
  • ISBN-10: 0367384116
  • ISBN-13: 9780367384111
Citas grāmatas par šo tēmu:

 From Atoms to Galaxies: A Conceptual Physics Approach to Scientific Awareness teaches heightened scientific acuity as it educates students about the physical world and gives them answers to questions large and small. Written by Sadri Hassani, the author of several mathematical physics textbooks, this work covers the essentials of modern physics, in a way that is as thorough as it is compelling and accessible.

Some of you might want to know …
. . . How did Galileo come to think about the first law of motion?
. . . Did Newton actually discover gravity by way of an apple and an accident?
Or maybe you have mulled over…
. . . Is it possible for Santa Claus to deliver all his toys?
. . . Is it possible to prove that Elvis does not visit Graceland every midnight?
Or perhaps you’ve even wondered …
. . . If ancient Taoism really parallels modern physics?
. . . If psychoanalysis can actually be called a science?
. . . How it is that some philosophies of science may imply that a 650-year-old woman can give birth to a child?

No Advanced Mathematics Required
A primary textbook for undergraduate students not majoring in physics, From Atoms to Galaxies examines physical laws and their consequences from a conceptual perspective that requires no advanced mathematics. It explains quantum physics, relativity, nuclear and particle physics, gauge theory, quantum field theory, quarks and leptons, and cosmology. Encouraging students to subscribe to proven causation rather than dramatic speculation, the book:

  • Defines the often obscured difference between science and technology, discussing how this confusion taints both common culture and academic rigor
  • Explores the various philosophies of science, demonstrating how errors in our understanding of scientific principles can adversely impact scientific awareness
  • Exposes how pseudoscience and New Age mysticism advance unproven conjectures as dangerous alternatives to proven science

Based on courses taught by the author for over 15 years, this textbook has been developed to raise the scientific awareness of the untrained reader who lacks a technical or mathematical background. To accomplish this, the book lays the foundation of the laws that govern our universe in a nontechnical way, emphasizing topics that excite the mind, namely those taken from modern physics, and exposing the abuses made of them by the New Age gurus and other mystagogues. It outlines the methods developed by physicists for the scientific investigation of nature, and contrasts them with those developed by the outsiders who claim to be the owners of scientific methodology. Each chapter includes essays, which use the material developed in that chapter to debunk misconceptions, clarify the nature of science, and explore the history of physics as it relates to the development of ideas. Noting the damage incurred by confusing science and technology, the book strives to help the reader to emphatically demarcate the two, while clearly demonstrating that science is the only element capable of advancing technology.


... present[ s] some of the most striking ideas behind physics but also give[ s] students and the general public the opportunity of reflecting on the implications of these ideas and provide them with the tools to draw a distinction between scientific fact and nonsense. The book does indeed do what it says on the cover; it presents topics ranging from early Greek astronomy and Newtonian dynamics, passing by electromagnetism and thermodynamics and culminating with quantum theory, relativity and cosmology. ... the CD included with the book has lengthier mathematical and numerical examples that supplement the textbook. ... The book can be used as an introductory textbook which can work at different levels. I found that the 'Food For Thought' sections in the book can be successfully used with students to discuss the topics presented, and the margin annotations that appear all over the book are very helpful. At the end of each chapter there are answers to questions, a glossary, review questions as well as conceptual and numerical exercises. This should provide enough material for teachers or lecturers, both in science and humanities, to narrow the gap between the two cultures. -Contemporary Physics, Volume 52, Issue 3, 2011 Intellectually inspirational, comprehensively informational and tangibly consistent in title, substance and organization respectively. ... The most distinguishing feature of this unique title is its originality in terms of addressing the scientific phenomena with pragmatic rigor and spirited vigour. ... the book demonstratively stands out as one of the most friendly guides for recognising many interconnected strands of natural philosophy which help us understand science in general and physics in particular. ... Last but not least, especially for students and instructors, like any other standard textbook the title throughout provides study help by writing and explaining formulas along with explanatory line-drawn figures, other exhibits, conceptual exercises, mathematical notes, numerical and other examples, glossaries, and review questions. ... this title is recommended ... [ for] personal ownership and placement of multiple copies in the libraries respectively. -Zia Khan, Reviews, Volume 11, Issue 2, 2010 I have been teaching introductory physics for non-science majors for a long time and have never been satisfied with the books on the market. Most of these texts are just watered-down versions of the general physics texts for science students. When I read through [ these] three books, I really do get a sense that the authors have attempted to create book[ s] that [ are] somehow different from the normal algebra problem-based texts. I will be using Questioning the Universe: Concepts in Physics this fall for the science portion of a Science Fiction Learning Community. In the spring, I will be teaching a physics/art history hybrid course and will be using either Superstrings and Other Things: A Guide to Physics, Second Edition or From Atoms to Galaxies: A Conceptual Physics Approach to Scientific Awareness. ... both are great books. ... I really feel that for conceptual physics courses, CRC Press currently has the three strongest titles. I anticipate a fun teaching experience while using these texts and hope to use them again in the future. -Steve Zides, Wofford College, Spartanburg, South Carolina, USA

IN THE BEGINNING Science Kindles The Beginning Early Greek Astronomy The Age of Measurement The Geocentric Model Wonder of Ancient Greece End-of-Chapter Material A Dark Interlude Roman Civilization: ca BC-ca AD Entertainment in the Roman Empire Religion in the Roman Empire Education in the Roman Empire The Aftermath A Lesson From the Past End-of-Chapter Material Science Rekindles Renaissance and the Copernican Revolution New Observations: 15 Centuries After Ptolemy The Fall of the Spherical Dynasty End-of-Chapter Material From Heaven to Earth The Ancient Physics Galileo's Study of Motion Rectilinear Motion End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: Underdetermination? Lessons From Astronomy Birth of Scientific Methodology Underdetermination? The Role of Mathematics NEWTONIAN ERA Kinematics: Describing Motion Position, Displacement, and Distance Parallax Velocity and Speed Acceleration End-of-Chapter Material Dynamics: Cause of Motion The First Law of Motion The Second Law of Motion The Third Law of Motion End-of-Chapter Material Further Topics on Motion Work and Energy Rigid Body Motion Mechanics of Fluids End-of-Chapter Material Gravitation The Universal Law of Gravitation Weightlessness End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: Determinism Newton's Methodology Determinism of Newtonian Physics WAVES AND ELECTROMAGNETISM Waves Oscillation Mechanical Waves Interference and Diffraction Doppler Effect End-of-Chapter Material Electricity Modern Electrostatics Electric Field Electric Potential Electric Charges in Motion Electric Power Transmission End-of-Chapter Material Magnetism and Electricity The Compass and the Lodestone Magnetism from Electricity Faraday's Lines of Force Electricity From Magnetism End-of-Chapter Material Electromagnetic Waves Fields Are Primary Maxwell Corrects the Fourth Equation Maxwell Predicts Electromagnetic Waves End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: Mind & Matter Continuity Specificity and Idealization Role of the Mind Materiality of Fields Support for Pure Research THERMODYNAMICS Introduction to Probability Basic Concepts Distribution Plots The Law of Large Numbers End-of-Chapter Material Statistical Mechanics Ideal Gas Law Most Probable Configuration Entropy End-of-Chapter Material Temperature and Heat Temperature The First Law of Thermodynamics The Second Law of Thermodynamics End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: Whole & Parts Specificity and Idealization Continuity A Case for Fundamentalism Thermodynamics and Social Imagery TWENTIETH CENTURY PHYSICS: QUANTUM THEORY Birth of Quantum Theory Black Body Radiation Quanta Are Born Photoelectric Effect End-of-Chapter Material The Atoms Modern Atomic Theory Dissecting Atoms Bohr Model of the H-Atom End-of-Chapter Material Quantum Theory I Electrons as Waves Quantum Mechanics End-of-Chapter Material Quantum Theory II Quantum Tunneling The Double-Slit Experiment Angular Momentum and Spin Quantum Measurement Quantum Entanglement Quantum Technology End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: No Interpretation Continuity Role of Fundamentalism Specificity Induction Versus Deduction No Interpretation for Quantum Theory TWENTIETH CENTURY PHYSICS:RELATIVITY THEORY Birth of Relativity Law of Addition of Velocities Principles of STR Relativity of Simultaneity Relativity of Length End-of-Chapter Material Relativity of Time and Space Time Dilation Length Contraction The Twin Paradox Relativisticity End-of-Chapter Material Spacetime Geometry Space+Time=Spacetime Events and Worldlines Space Transformation Spacetime Distance Rules of Spacetime Geometry Curved Worldlines End-of-Chapter Material E = mc2 Coordinate Velocity Spacetime Velocity Spacetime Momentum Conservation of Momentum End-of-Chapter Material General Theory of Relativity The Equivalence Principle Consequences of Equivalence Principle Einstein's General Theory of Relativity GTR and the Universe End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: No Marketplace Continuity Specificity Use/Creation of Mathematics Induction Versus Deduction TWENTIETH CENTURY PHYSICS: MICROCOSMOLOGY On the Experimental Front The Nucleon Nuclear Reactions The Emergence of Particle Physics End-of-Chapter Material On the Theoretical Front Mathematical Prediction of Antimatter Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) End-of-Chapter Material Classifying Particles and Forces Spacetime Symmetry: Mathematical Poetry I Hadrons Leptons End-of-Chapter Material The Standard Model Gauge Theory: Mathematical Poetry III Electroweak Interaction Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) The Standard Model Grand Unification End-of-Chapter Material New Age Physics Sins of the Fathers Union of Philosophy, Science, and Religion Physics-Eastern Thought Parallelism End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: The Eye of Physics Modern Experimental Techniques Modern Mathematical Techniques An Endangered Species? Continuity and Specificity of Physics TWENTIETH CENTURY PHYSICS: MACROCOSMOLOGY Physics of the Cosmos The Friedmann Equation Matter Dominance Radiation Dominance Expansion and Olbers' Paradox Echo of the Big Bang End-of-Chapter Material Early Universe Content of the Early Universe The Genesis as Told by Physics End-of-Chapter Material The Last Epoch Cosmic Structure Formation Problems With Standard Cosmology Inflationary Cosmology Birth of a Star Death of a Star End-of-Chapter Material Epilogue: The Closing Dialogue NATURE OF SCIENCE Misconceptions About Science Mathematics Technology: Application of Science Science and Values Characteristics of Science Science Studies Matter Materialistic Philosophy Science Trusts Only Observation Continuity of Science Science Is Detached From the Scientist Reductionism and Science Commonality of Instrumentation Reproducibility? Science Versus Pseudoscience Some Characteristics of Pseudoscience Intelligent Design Psychoanalysis A Project for the Reader Glossary Answers to Selected Exercises Bibliography Index
Sadri Dean Hassani is a mathematical physicist with interests in theoretical elementary particle physics.