Vanadium has, in the last two years, developed new uses, particularly in the field of redox batteries. The expanded use of vanadium reflects the complex redox-related chemistry of the element that allows it to form several oxidation states and to stabilise various chemical compounds. From the initial discovery in Mexico through to the modern day, vanadium has presented a challenge and opportunity for chemists. This volume summarises research and industrial development in understanding the chemistry of vanadium and its presence in natural and synthetic materials. This includes a review of vanadium mineralogy and occurrence in nature. The interaction with biomolecules and environmental dispersion is also discussed. Following on from this section the book delves into the application of vanadium in medical use and in power supply as well as issues related to the extraction of vanadium from its primary ores. The book has been developed by an international team of scientists and engineers with specialist interest in vanadium chemistry and use.