Learning Radiology: Recognizing the Basics 4th Revised edition [Mīkstie vāki]

  • Formāts: Paperback / softback, 400 pages, height x width: 276x216 mm, Approx. 656 illustrations
  • Izdošanas datums: 25-Apr-2019
  • Izdevniecība: Elsevier - Health Sciences Division
  • ISBN-10: 0323567290
  • ISBN-13: 9780323567299
Citas grāmatas par šo tēmu:
  • Formāts: Paperback / softback, 400 pages, height x width: 276x216 mm, Approx. 656 illustrations
  • Izdošanas datums: 25-Apr-2019
  • Izdevniecība: Elsevier - Health Sciences Division
  • ISBN-10: 0323567290
  • ISBN-13: 9780323567299
Citas grāmatas par šo tēmu:

The leading introductory radiology text for medical students and others who are required to read and interpret common radiologic images, Learning Radiology, 4th Edition, stresses an easy-to-follow pattern recognition approach that teaches how to differentiate normal and abnormal images. Dr. William Herring's clear, conversational writing style employs a touch of humor to explain what you need to know to effectively interpret medical images of all modalities. From the basics of patient safety, dose reduction, and radiation protection to the latest information on ultrasound, MRI, and CT, this concise, user-friendly text provides a complete, up-to-date introduction to radiology needed by today's students.

  • Teaches how to arrive at a diagnosis by following a pattern recognition approach, and logically overcome difficult diagnostic challenges with the aid of decision trees.
  • Features an easy-to-read bulleted format, high-quality illustrations, useful tables, and teaching boxes, as well as special content on Diagnostic Ptifalls; Really Important Points; Weblinks; and Take-Home Points.
  • Includes three new chapters: Vascular, Pediatric, and Point-of-Care Ultrasound; Using Image-Guided Interventions in Diagnosis and Treatment (Interventional Radiology); Recognizing the Imaging Findings of Breast Disease.
  • Helps ensure mastery of the material with additional online content, bonus images, and USMLE-style Q&A that provide effective chapter review and quick practice for your exams.
  • Shares the extensive knowledge and experience of esteemed author Dr. William Herring?a skilled radiology teacher and the host of his own specialty website, www.learningradiology.com.
  • Offers quick review and instruction for medical students, residents, and fellows, as well as those in related fields such as nurse practitioners and physician assistants.
  • Includes an Enhanced eBook version with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.
1 Recognizing Anything: An Introduction to Imaging Modalities
1(7)
Many Shades of Gray
1(1)
Conventional Radiography (Plain Films)
2(1)
The Five Basic Densities
2(1)
Computed Tomography
3(1)
Ultrasound
4(1)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
4(1)
Fluoroscopy
5(1)
Nuclear Medicine
6(1)
Conventions Used in This Book
7(1)
2 Recognizing a Technically Adequate Chest Radiograph
8(6)
Evaluating the Chest Radiograph for Technical Adequacy
8(1)
Penetration
8(1)
Inspiration
8(2)
Rotation
10(1)
Magnification
10(2)
Angulation
12(2)
3 Recognizing Normal Pulmonary Anatomy
14(11)
The Normal Frontal Chest Radiograph
14(1)
The Normal Lateral Chest Radiograph
15(5)
Normal CT Anatomy of the Chest
20(5)
4 Recognizing Normal Cardiac Anatomy
25(12)
Evaluating the Heart on Chest Radiographs
25(1)
General Principles
26(1)
Evaluating the Heart on Cardiac CT
26(4)
Uses of Cardiac CT
30(3)
Cardiac MRI
33(4)
5 Recognizing Airspace Versus Interstitial Lung Disease
37(10)
Classifying Parenchymal Lung Disease
37(1)
Characteristics of Airspace Disease
37(1)
Some Causes of Airspace Disease
38(2)
Characteristics of Interstitial Lung Disease
40(1)
Some Causes of Interstitial Lung Disease
41(6)
6 Recognizing the Causes of an Opacified Hemithorax
47(5)
Atelectasis of the Entire Lung
47(1)
Massive Pleural Effusion
48(2)
Pneumonia of an Entire Lung
50(1)
Post pneumonectomy
50(2)
7 Recognizing Atelectasis
52(8)
What Is Atelectasis?
52(1)
Signs of Atelectasis
52(3)
Types of Atelectasis
55(3)
How Atelectasis Resolves
58(2)
8 Recognizing a Pleural Effusion
60(10)
Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Pleural Space
60(1)
Modalities for Detecting Pleural Effusions
60(1)
Causes of Pleural Effusions
60(1)
Types of Pleural Effusions
60(1)
Side-Specificity of Pleural Effusions
61(1)
Recognizing the Different Appearances of Pleural Effusions
61(9)
9 Recognizing Pneumonia
70(7)
General Considerations
70(1)
General Characteristics of Pneumonia
70(1)
Patterns of Pneumonia
71(1)
Lobar Pneumonia
71(1)
Segmental Pneumonia (Bronchopneumonia)
72(1)
Interstitial Pneumonia
72(1)
Round Pneumonia
72(1)
Cavitary Pneumonia
72(1)
Aspiration
73(1)
Localizing Pneumonia
74(2)
How Pneumonia Resolves
76(1)
10 Recognizing the Correct Placement of Lines and Tubes and Their Potential Complications: Critical Care Radiology
77(13)
Endotracheal and Tracheostomy Tubes
77(2)
Intravascular Catheters
79(2)
Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters: PICC
81(1)
Multiple Lumen Catheters: "Quinton Catheters," Hemodialysis Catheters
82(1)
Pleural Drainage Tubes (Chest Tubes, Thoracotomy Tubes)
83(1)
Cardiac Devices: Pacemaker, Automatic Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator (AICD), Intra-aortic Balloon Pump (IABP)
84(1)
Automatic Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators (AICD)
85(1)
Intra-aortic Counterpulsation Balloon Pump (IABP or IACB)
85(1)
GI Tubes and Lines: Nasogastric Tubes, Feeding Tubes
86(4)
11 Recognizing Other Diseases of the Chest
90(18)
Mediastinal Masses
90(1)
Anterior Mediastinum
91(2)
Middle Mediastinal Masses
93(1)
Posterior Mediastinal Masses
94(1)
Solitary Nodule/Mass in the Lung
95(3)
Bronchogenic Carcinoma
98(3)
Metastatic Neoplasms in the Lung
101(1)
Pulmonary Thromboembolic Disease (PE)
101(1)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
102(2)
Bullae, Cysts, and Cavities
104(2)
Bronchiectasis
106(2)
12 Recognizing Adult Heart Disease
108(15)
Recognizing an Enlarged Cardiac Silhouette
108(2)
Recognizing Common Cardiac Diseases
110(13)
13 Recognizing the Normal Abdomen and Pelvis: Conventional Radiographs
123(11)
Recognizing the Normal Abdomen: What to Look For
123(3)
Acute Abdominal Series: The Views and What They Show
126(3)
Recognizing the Normal Abdomen: Intraluminal Air
129(1)
Recognizing the Normal Abdomen: Calcifications
129(1)
Recognizing the Normal Abdomen: Organomegaly
130(4)
14 Recognizing the Normal Abdomen and Pelvis on Computed Tomography
134(7)
Introduction to Abdominal and Pelvic CT
134(1)
Intravenous Contrast in CT Scanning
134(1)
Oral Contrast in CT Scanning
134(3)
Abdominal CT: General Considerations
137(1)
Abdominal CT: By Organ
137(4)
15 Recognizing Bowel Obstruction and Ileus
141(12)
Abnormal Gas Patterns
141(1)
Laws of the Gut
141(1)
Functional Ileus: Localized---Sentinel Loops
142(1)
Functional Ileus: Generalized Adynamic Ileus
143(1)
Mechanical Obstruction: Small Bowel Obstruction
144(4)
Mechanical Obstruction: Large Bowel Obstruction (LBO)
148(2)
Volvulus of the Colon
150(1)
Intestinal Pseudoobstruction (Ogilvie Syndrome)
150(3)
16 Recognizing Extraluminal Gas in the Abdomen
153(8)
Signs of Free Intraperitoneal Air
153(4)
Signs of Extraperitoneal Air (Retroperitoneal Air)
157(1)
Signs of Air in the Bowel Wall
157(2)
Signs of Air in the Biliary System
159(2)
17 Recognizing Abnormal Calcifications and Their Causes
161(7)
Patterns of Calcification
161(6)
Location of Calcification
167(1)
18 Recognizing Gastrointestinal, Hepatobiliary, and Urinary Tract Abnormalities
168(21)
Barium Studies of the Gastrointestinal Tract
168(1)
Esophagus
168(2)
Stomach and Duodenum
170(1)
Small and Large Bowel
170(2)
Large Bowel
172(6)
Pancreas
178(1)
Hepatobiliary Abnormalities
179(5)
Biliary System
184(1)
Urinary Tract
184(2)
Pelvis
186(1)
Urinary Bladder
186(1)
Adenopathy
186(3)
19 Ultrasonography: Understanding the Principles and Its Uses in Abdominal and Pelvic Imaging
189(20)
Peter Wang How it Works
189(2)
Types of Ultrasound
191(1)
Adverse Effects or Safety Issues
191(1)
Medical Uses of Ultrasonography
191(6)
Female Pelvic Organs
197(6)
Pregnancy
203(3)
Abdominal Hernias
206(1)
Appendicitis
206(1)
Ascites
206(1)
Musculoskeletal System
206(1)
Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound
207(2)
20 Vascular, Pediatric, and Point-of-Care Ultrasound
209(11)
Peter Wang
Vascular Ultrasound
209(1)
Arterial Stenosis
210(1)
Pseudoaneurysm
211(1)
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
212(1)
Pediatrics
212(4)
Point-of-Care Ultrasound
216(4)
21 Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Understanding the Principles and Recognizing the Basics
220(1)
Daniel J. Kowal
How MRI Works
220(1)
Hardware That Makes Up an MRI Scanner
220(1)
What Happens Once Scanning Begins
221(1)
How Can You Identify a T1-Weighted or T2-Weighted Image?
221(3)
MRI Contrast: General Considerations
224(2)
MRI Safety Issues
226(1)
Diagnostic Applications of MRI
227(2)
22 Recognizing Nontraumatic Abnormalities of the Appendicular Skeleton Including Arthritis
229(21)
Conventional Radiography, CT, and MRI in Bone Imaging
229(1)
Normal Bone and Joint Anatomy
230(1)
Diseases That Affect Bone Density
230(2)
Diseases That Increase Bone Density
232(3)
Diseases That Decrease Bone Density
235(5)
Diseases of the Joints: An Approach to Arthritis
240(10)
23 Recognizing Nontraumatic Abnormalities of the Spine
250(12)
The Normal Spine
250(2)
Normal MRI Appearance of the Spine
252(1)
Back Pain
252(10)
24 Recognizing Trauma to the Bony Skeleton
262(19)
Recognizing an Acute Fracture
262(2)
Recognizing Dislocations and Subluxations
264(1)
Describing Fractures
264(4)
Avulsion Fractures
268(1)
Salter-Harris Fractures: Epiphyseal Plate Fractures in Children
268(1)
Child Abuse
268(1)
Stress Fractures
269(1)
Common Fracture Eponyms
269(1)
Some Subtle Fractures or Dislocations
270(4)
Fracture Healing
274(2)
Spinal Trauma
276(2)
Pathologic Fractures
278(3)
25 Recognizing the Imaging Findings of Trauma to the Chest
281(13)
Chest Trauma
281(1)
Chest Wall Trauma
281(1)
Pleural Abnormalities: Pneumothorax
282(1)
Imaging Modalities Used to Diagnose a Pneumothorax
283(5)
Trauma-Related Parenchymal Lung Abnormalities
288(3)
Aortic Trauma
291(3)
26 Recognizing the Imaging Findings of Trauma to the Abdomen and Pelvis
294(6)
Abdominal Trauma
294(2)
Pelvic Trauma
296(2)
Less Common Abdominal Injuries
298(2)
27 Recognizing Some Common Causes of Intracranial Pathology
300(24)
Normal Anatomy
300(2)
MRI and the Brain
302(2)
Head Trauma
304(2)
Intracranial Hemorrhage
306(4)
Diffuse Axonal Injury
310(1)
Increased Intracranial Pressure
310(1)
Stroke
311(3)
Ruptured Aneurysms
314(2)
Hydrocephalus
316(2)
Cerebral Atrophy
318(1)
Brain Tumors
318(3)
Other Diseases
321(1)
Terminology
322(2)
28 Recognizing Pediatric Diseases
324(15)
Diseases Discussed in This
Chapter
324(1)
Newborn Respiratory Distress
324(3)
Childhood Lung Disease
327(2)
Soft Tissues of the Neck
329(2)
Ingested Foreign Bodies
331(1)
Other Diseases
332(1)
Salter-Harris Fractures: Epiphyseal Plate Fractures in Children
332(3)
Child Abuse
335(1)
Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC)
335(1)
Esophageal Atresia With/Without Tracheoesophageal Fistula (TEF)
336(3)
29 Using Image-Guided Interventions in Diagnosis and Treatment: Interventional Radiology
339(16)
Jeffrey L. Weinstein, and Trevor Lewis
Arterial Access and Arteriography
339(1)
Central Venous Access: Image-Guided Venous Access
340(1)
Pulmonary Embolism: Thrombolysis
341(1)
Pulmonary Embolism: Inferior Vena Caval (IVC) Filter Placement
342(1)
Pulmonary Nodule: Image-Guided Biopsy
343(1)
Hepatic/Renal/Pulmonary Tumor: Thermal Ablation
344(1)
Portal Hypertension: Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)
345(1)
Abscess: Percutaneous Abscess Aspiration and Drain Placement
346(2)
Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleeding: Arteriography and Embolization
348(1)
Obstructive Uropathy: Percutaneous Nephrostomy (PCN)/Nephroureterostomy (PCNU)
349(1)
Aortic Aneurysm: Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR)
350(1)
Uterine Fibroids: Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE)
351(2)
Acute Ischemic Stroke: Mechanical Thrombectomy
353(2)
30 Recognizing the Findings in Breast Imaging
355
Debra Copit
Breast Imaging Modalities: Overview
355(1)
Mammography: Screening Versus Diagnostic
356(3)
Fundamental Mammography Findings
359(3)
Ultrasound
362(1)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
363(1)
Management of Breast Abnormalities
364(1)
Special Considerations
365(4)
Bibliography
369(2)
Chapter 1: Quiz Answers
371
Online-Only Appendixes
A Self-Assessment Quizzes
B Normal Imaging Anatomy Quizzes
C Unknown Cases
D The ABCs of Heart Disease
E Radiation Dose and Safety
F What to Order When
G
Chapters 1 and 18 Glossaries (General Terminology and GI Imaging Terminology)
H Nuclear Medicine: Understanding the Principles and Recognizing the Basics