Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: An Attempt at a Critical Rationalist Appraisal 1st ed. 2018 [Hardback]

  • Formāts: Hardback, 295 pages, height x width: 235x155 mm, weight: 647 g, 1 Illustrations, black and white; XXI, 295 p. 1 illus., 1 Hardback
  • Sērija : Synthese Library 401
  • Izdošanas datums: 05-Dec-2018
  • Izdevniecība: Springer Nature Switzerland AG
  • ISBN-10: 3030001164
  • ISBN-13: 9783030001162
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  • Formāts: Hardback, 295 pages, height x width: 235x155 mm, weight: 647 g, 1 Illustrations, black and white; XXI, 295 p. 1 illus., 1 Hardback
  • Sērija : Synthese Library 401
  • Izdošanas datums: 05-Dec-2018
  • Izdevniecība: Springer Nature Switzerland AG
  • ISBN-10: 3030001164
  • ISBN-13: 9783030001162
This book collects 13 papers that explore Wittgenstein's philosophy throughout the different stages of his career. The author writes from the viewpoint of critical rationalism. The tone of his analysis is friendly and appreciative yet critical. Of these papers, seven are on the background to the philosophy of Wittgenstein. Five papers examine different aspects of it: one on the philosophy of young Wittgenstein, one on his transitional period, and the final three on the philosophy of mature Wittgenstein, chiefly his Philosophical Investigations. The last of these papers, which serves as the concluding chapter, concerns the analytical school of philosophy that grew chiefly under its influence. Wittgenstein's posthumous Philosophical Investigations ignores formal languages while retaining the view of metaphysics as meaningless -- declaring that all languages are metaphysics-free. It was very popular in the middle of the twentieth century. Now it is passe. Wittgenstein had hoped to dissolve all philosophical disputes, yet he generated a new kind of dispute. His claim to have improved the philosophy of life is awkward just because he prevented philosophical discussion from the ability to achieve that: he cut the branch on which he was sitting. This, according to the author, is the most serious critique of Wittgenstein.
1 Background
1(26)
1.1 The Tragedy of Young Wittgenstein
2(3)
1.2 Metaphysics Needs No Defense
5(2)
1.3 The Analytic School and Politics
7(6)
1.4 Analysis; Paradoxes of Analysis
13(6)
1.5 Grammatical Errors
19(8)
2 A History of Anti-metaphysics
27(18)
2.1 The Doctrine of Prejudice
28(3)
2.2 Radicalism
31(4)
2.3 The Poverty of the Analytic Scholarship
35(4)
2.4 The Rise of Current Anti-metaphysics
39(6)
3 The Waning of Essentialism
45(24)
3.1 The Background to Anti-Metaphysics
46(5)
3.2 Anti-essentialism
51(4)
3.3 Existential Import
55(5)
3.4 On Stilted Language
60(3)
3.5 Reinterpretation in Logic and in Science
63(3)
3.6 Methodology, Epistemology and Ontology
66(3)
4 Logic and Mathematics
69(22)
4.1 Words, Statements and Inferences
70(6)
4.2 The Universe of Discourse
76(7)
4.3 The Place of Kant in the Story
83(4)
4.4 Logic, Mathematics and Meaning
87(1)
4.5 Logic and Mathematics
88(3)
5 Logic and Language
91(18)
5.1 Proper Form Versus Truth-Value
91(6)
5.2 Laws of Thought Versus Laws of Language
97(5)
5.3 Between Logic and Psychology
102(7)
6 Frege
109(18)
6.1 Anti-Essentialism Again
109(3)
6.2 What Is a Calculus?
112(7)
6.3 The Demise of Transcendental Logic
119(4)
6.4 Mathematical Logic
123(4)
7 Russell
127(20)
7.1 The Deduction Theorem
128(6)
7.2 On Denoting
134(7)
7.3 The Puzzle
141(2)
7.4 Russell and Young Wittgenstein
143(4)
8 Young Wittgenstein
147(16)
8.1 Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
148(1)
8.2 Russellian Background
149(5)
8.3 Logical Atomism
154(4)
8.4 The Significant Meaningless
158(1)
8.5 The Dawn of a New Era
159(4)
9 Interim Period: Carnap Versus Popper
163(20)
9.1 Background Again
164(2)
9.2 The Interim Period
166(5)
9.3 Engelmann
171(3)
9.4 Ideal Language
174(3)
9.5 Wittgenstein and Carnap
177(3)
9.6 Criticism
180(3)
10 Ordinary Language Analysis
183(22)
10.1 Philosophical Investigations: Background
184(5)
10.2 Young and Mature Wittgenstein
189(2)
10.3 Signposts in Philosophical Investigations
191(9)
10.4 The Aftermath
200(5)
11 The Message of Philosophical Investigations
205(20)
11.1 Analysis Versus Metaphysics
206(2)
11.2 Analysis sans Anti-Metaphysics
208(4)
11.3 Anti-Essentialism Again
212(2)
11.4 Wittgenstein's Heritage
214(11)
Appendix to
Chapter 11
221(4)
12 Analysis of Analysis
225(20)
12.1 Meaning as Use
226(3)
12.2 Analysis Defended
229(3)
12.3 The Limits of Language
232(3)
12.4 Wittgenstein's Analytic Approach
235(7)
12.5 The Limits of Language and of Thought
242(3)
13 Conclusion: The Place of Wittgenstein
245(44)
13.1 Things to Avoid
245(5)
13.2 Wittgenstein's Self-Appraisal
250(4)
13.3 Wittgenstein as a Moralist
254(3)
13.4 The Task of Philosophers
257(3)
13.5 The Public Impact of Wittgenstein's Investigations
260(5)
13.6 Conclusion
265(24)
References
269(20)
Index 289