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Measuring Transport Equity [Mīkstie vāki]

Edited by , Edited by (Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, United Kingdom), Edited by (cambiaMO, Resear), Edited by (Associate Professor of Transport Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel)
  • Formāts: Paperback / softback, 328 pages, height x width: 229x152 mm, weight: 600 g
  • Izdošanas datums: 30-May-2019
  • Izdevniecība: Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0128148187
  • ISBN-13: 9780128148181
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  • Formāts: Paperback / softback, 328 pages, height x width: 229x152 mm, weight: 600 g
  • Izdošanas datums: 30-May-2019
  • Izdevniecība: Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc
  • ISBN-10: 0128148187
  • ISBN-13: 9780128148181
Citas grāmatas par šo tēmu:

Measuring Transport Equity provides a methodology with the potential to shape the transportation decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Focusing on numerous applied methodological approaches to transport equity assessment, the book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires their own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing transportation accessibility, environmental impacts, health and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses.

  • Written by a collection of top researchers in the transport field
  • Shows how to apply transport equity measurement ideas in the real-world through case study examples
  • Covers emerging transport topics, including the use of the Gini index for measuring inequality
  • Includes learning aids, such as methodology, application, policy relevance and further reading
Editors biography xi
Authors biography xiii
Foreword xxiii
Part One Introduction
1(36)
1 Introduction
3(1)
Karen Lucas
Karel Martens
Floridea Di Ciommo
Ariane Dupont-Kieffer
1 Introduction to the book
3(1)
2 Discussion of different concepts of equity and its measurement
4(3)
3 Equity, fairness, and justice
7(1)
4 Outline of contents
8(5)
2 Measuring transport equity: Key components, framings and metrics
13(1)
Karel Martens
Jeroen Bastiaanssen
Karen Lucas
1 Introduction and overview of the issues
13(1)
2 Selection and specification of the indicators of benefits and burdens
24(9)
3 Distinguishing and defining population groups (disaggregation)
23(6)
4 Selection and specification of equity principles
29(4)
5 Policy relevance
33(2)
6 Further reading 34 References
35(2)
Part Two Benefits of transport: Accessibility
37(92)
3 An index to measure accessibility poverty risk
39(18)
Karel Martens
Jeroen Bastiaanssen
1 Introduction
39(1)
2 Methodology
39(5)
3 Introduction to the Rotterdam---The Hague case
44(2)
4 Analysis
46(7)
5 Policy relevance
53(1)
6 Further reading
54(3)
Acknowledgments
55(1)
References
55(2)
4 Using person-based accessibility measures to assess the equity of transport systems
57(16)
Koos Fransen
Steven Farber
1 Introduction
57(2)
2 Methodology
59(4)
3 Application
63(4)
4 Policy relevance
67(2)
5 Further reading
69(4)
References
71(2)
5 Equity analysis of dynamic bike-and-ride accessibility in the Netherlands
73(12)
John P. Pritchard
Martin Stepniak
Karst T. Gems
1 Introduction
73(1)
2 Methodology
74(2)
3 Application
76(4)
4 Policy relevance
80(1)
5 Further reading
81(4)
Acknowledgments
82(1)
References
82(3)
6 Can the urban poor reach their jobs? Evaluating equity effects of relocation and public transport projects in Ahmedabad, India
85(26)
Mark Brussel
Mark Zuidgeest
Frans van den Bosch
Talat Munshi
Martin van Maarseveen
1 Introduction
85(1)
2 Ahmedabad
86(3)
3 Methodology
89(8)
4 Results
97(7)
5 Policy relevance
104(2)
6 Further reading
106(5)
Acknowledgments
107(1)
References
107(4)
7 Transport equity in low-income societies: Affordability impact on destination accessibility measures
111(18)
Imuentinyan Aivinhenyo
Mark Zuidgeest
1 Introduction
111(1)
2 Methodology
112(4)
3 Application
116(9)
4 Policy relevance
125(2)
5 Further reading
127(2)
References
128(1)
Part Three Burdens of transport: Health, environment and other externalities
129(74)
8 The health impacts of urban transport: Linkages, tools and research needs
131(12)
Haneen Khreis
Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen
1 Introduction
131(1)
2 Framing a Health Impact Assessment
132(4)
3 The Health Impact Assessment
136(4)
4 Policy relevance
140(2)
5 Further reading 140 References
142(1)
9 Assessing health inequalities related to urban and transport determinants of mental health
143(16)
Giulia Melis
Matteo Tabasso
Morena Stroscia
Giuseppe Costa
1 Introduction
143(1)
2 Methodology
144(6)
3 Case study application
150(5)
4 Policy relevance
155(1)
5 Further reading
156(3)
References
157(2)
10 A public health approach to assessing road safety equity---The RoSE cycle
159(12)
Adrian Davis
Paul Pilkington
1 Introduction
159(3)
2 Methodology
162(3)
3 Application: Bristol 2006--2016
165(3)
4 Policy relevance
168(1)
5 Further reading
169(2)
References
170(1)
11 Distribution of transportation "goods" and "bads" in a Canadian metropolis: A diagnosis of the situation and potential interventions to tackle environmental disparities
171(16)
Mathieu Carrier
Philippe Apparicio
1 Introduction
171(1)
2 Objectives
172(1)
3 Methodology
173(4)
4 Variations in the transportation and the global indexes in the study area
177(4)
5 Policy relevance
181(4)
6 Further reading
185(2)
Acknowledgments
185(1)
References
186(1)
12 Safety and daily mobilities of urban women---Methodolgies to confront the policy of "invisibility"
187(16)
Tanu Priya Uteng
Yamini Jain Singh
Tiffany Lam
1 Introduction
187(1)
2 Background
188(2)
3 Methods to measure and plan for women's safety in urban public spaces
190(9)
4 Policy relevance
199(1)
5 Further reading
200(3)
Acknowledgments
201(1)
References
201(2)
Part Four Social outcomes from transport interventions
203(88)
13 Applying a subjective well-being lens to transport equity
205(12)
Louise Reardon
Lucy Mahoney
Wenbo Guo
1 Introduction
205(2)
2 Methodology
207(2)
3 Application
209(3)
4 Policy relevance
212(2)
5 Further reading
214(3)
References
214(3)
14 Social impact assessment: The case of bus rapid transit in the City of Quito, Ecuador
217(14)
Alvaro Guzman Jaramillo
Ian Philips
Karen Lucas
1 Introduction
217(1)
2 Approach
218(2)
3 Application of the method
220(7)
4 Policy relevance
227(1)
5 Further reading
228(3)
References
229(2)
15 Measuring the influence of social capital and personal networks on transport disadvantage
231(16)
Juan Antonio Carrasco
Karen Lucas
1 Introduction
231(1)
2 Methodology: A mixed methods approach
231(4)
3 Case study: Barriers in Concepcion, Chile
235(9)
4 Policy relevance
244(1)
5 Further reading
245(2)
Acknowledgments
245(1)
References
245(2)
16 Using a capability approach-based survey for reducing equity gaps in transport appraisal: Application in Santiago de Chile
247(18)
Beatrix Mella Lira
1 Introduction
247(4)
2 Methodology: A capability-based quantitative sampling
251(6)
3 Application of the measurement
257(1)
4 Policy relevance
258(5)
5 Further reading
263(2)
References
264(1)
17 A behavioral framework for needs-based transport assessment
265(12)
Floridea Di Ciommo
Francesc Magrinya
Gianni Rondinella
Yoram Shiftan
1 Introduction
265(1)
2 Methodology: The needs-satisfaction approach
266(2)
3 The case-study implementation in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area
268(5)
4 Policy relevance
273(1)
5 Further reading
274(3)
References
274(3)
18 Assessing the equity impacts of a transportation investment program
277(14)
Alex Karner
Aaron Golub
1 Introduction
277(1)
2 The United States context: Civil rights, environmental justice, and regional planning
278(1)
3 Approach and methodology
279(2)
4 Application
281(7)
5 Policy relevance
288(1)
6 Further reading
289(2)
Acknowledgments
290(1)
References
290(1)
Part Five Closure
291(6)
19 Conclusions
293(4)
Karen Lucas
Karel Martens
Further reading
296(1)
References
296(1)
Index 297
Karen Lucas is Professor of Transport and Social Analysis at the Institute for Transport Studies at the University of Leeds, United Kingdom, She has been a social researcher of transport for 20 years with a special interest in the interactions between transport poverty and social deprivation. Karel Martens is Associate Professor of Transport Planning at the Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology,Haifa, Israel, and at the Institute for Management Research at Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. He has published extensively on the nexus between transport and justice, culminating in his recent book Transport Justice: Designing Fair Transport Systems. Floridea Di Ciommo is researcher and co-director of cambiaMO-changing Mobility. She coordinated the Transport and Equity Analysis - COST Action and has contributed to research on the nexus between travel behavior, equity and gender issues. She also regularly teaches and supervises PhD and M.Sc. students in Spain and France. Ariane Dupont-Kieffer is based at the University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne. From 2005-2014, she was employed by IFSSTAR where she worked to build an understanding of the links between economic theory, modeling, policymaking and policy assessment in transport. Her current focus is more specifically on the history of economics and macroeconomics, and the relationship between measurement issues, statistical analysis and policymaking. She is a leader of the Women's Issue in Transportation Committee of the TRB.